How a Simple Sandwich Became a French Classic
The croque monsieur and croque madame are classic French dishes that have been enjoyed for decades. Both sandwiches consist of ham and Gruyere cheese between two slices of bread, but the croque madame adds a fried egg on top.
The origin of the croque monsieur is said to date back to the early 1900s, when it was served as a quick and easy snack at Parisian cafes. The name “croque monsieur” literally translates to “mister crunch,” likely a reference to the crispy texture of the sandwich.
The croque madame, on the other hand, is said to have originated in the 1920s, with the addition of the fried egg on top. The name “croque madame” translates to “madam crunch,” likely a reference to the added ingredient of the egg.
Both croque monsieur and croque madame became popular in the United States in the 1920s and 1930s, when French cuisine was in vogue. The sandwiches are often served as a brunch item and can be found on the menu of many French bistros and cafes.
In recent years, the croque monsieur and croque madame have undergone a bit of a resurgence in popularity, with many chefs putting their own spin on the classic dish by experimenting with different breads, cheeses, and meats.
Overall, the croque monsieur and croque madame are beloved French dishes with a rich history. Whether you prefer your croque with or without a fried egg, these sandwiches are sure to satisfy your cravings for a delicious and comforting meal.